What is Sous Vide
The “sous vide” part of sous vide cooking refers to the vacuum-sealed bags that are often called for when you’re using the technique. (The French phrase literally means “under vacuum.”) However, these days, when someone says “sous vide cooking,” they’re generally referring to any kind of cooking that takes place in a precisely temperature-controlled water bath, whether you’re actually using a vacuum-sealed bag or not.
Sous vide cooking offers unparalleled control over whatever it is you are trying to cook, whether it’s steaks and chops, shrimp and lobster, vegetables, or even large cuts of meat like pork shoulders and legs of lamb. With fast-cooking foods, like steaks and chicken breasts, sous vide removes all the guesswork involved in traditional methods. No poking with a thermometer, no cutting and peeking, no jabbing with your finger—just perfect results every single time.
For meat like pork shoulder and ribs, which are far more forgiving of accidental overcooking and require less precise temperatures, sous vide has some less obvious benefits. But in any event, sous vide increases the flexibility of your schedule, allowing you to go about your day (or two days, as the case may be) with the circulator quietly heating away in the corner of the kitchen, slowly tenderizing a tough cut of meat, or holding your steak at a perfect medium-rare until it’s ready to be finished and served.
Sous vide can also allow you to get results and textures that are impossible to achieve using traditional cooking methods. Your steaks will come out of the bath cooked to your preferred temperature from edge to edge. For pork shoulder, sous vide cooking allows us to cook at temperatures that are significantly lower and more stable than those used in traditional methods, which means that we can achieve tender results with relatively little moisture loss. (You can even cook a chicken breast so that it’s rare or medium-rare and is entirely pasteurized and thus perfectly safe to eat, although I don’t recommend it.)
It doesn’t take much gear to get into sous vide cooking. But some equipment is necessary if you want to do longer cooks, or if you want to make short cooks easier. Here’s what you’ll need.
An Immersion Circulator
An immersion circulator is a device that you insert into a tub or pot of water. It draws water from the tub, heats it up to a precise temperature, then spits it back out, simultaneously heating and circulating the water. A good one will have single-degree precision and accuracy. There was a time when these devices cost thousands of dollars. These days, you can get a great one for under $200, putting it in the same ballpark as a high-quality Dutch oven or skillet.
I use the Anova Precision Cooker at home; it has a super-simple interface (set the temperature with the scroll wheel, and you’re ready to go) and nice connectivity features, and it’s made by a company with a strong track record for quality precision devices. Another good option is the Joule from the team at ChefSteps.
There’s another style of water oven out there with a fixed tub that you fill with water; the SousVide Supreme is the best known. I’m not a fan of these stand-alone units. They take up a lot of counter space, are not easy to fill or empty, and are less portable than the wand-style circulators. However, if you plan on cooking sous vide often enough that the idea of a dedicated countertop appliance doesn’t bug you, it might be the right choice.
While an immersion circulator can be used with any old pot, I strongly suggest using a Cambro container, small or large (or both) depending on what recipes you have your eye on to start with. Pots aren’t as ideal for sous vide as Cambros, as plastic is a better insulator. Also, a large plastic container is a great accessory to have if you ever plan on cooking for more than a few people at a time. With a 4.75-gallon Cambro, you have ample space to cook 10 steaks or chicken breasts for a dinner party, or up to five full racks of pork ribs.
A Cast Iron Skillet
After you’ve cooked meat sous vide, you’ll want to give it a deep brown crust to add flavor and textural contrast. There’s no better way to do that than with a ripping-hot cast iron skillet, and, good news: They’re cheap.
Other Gear You’ll Want
You’ll want just a few more things to get started. First, you’ll need some zipper-lock freezer bags—it’s important to use freezer bags, as the seal on thinner bags (not the lock) can and will degrade and break over long cook times. While using a vacuum sealer is ideal, zipper-lock freezer bags will work just fine for most things
You’ll also want some binder clips, which I use in conjunction with a spoon to keep bagged food submerged in the water bath. A bunch of Ping-Pong balls will be useful for insulating your water bath and preventing too much evaporation.
Finally, if you opt for the 4.75-gallon Cambro, I’d suggest getting this pot-lid organizer, which fits perfectly in the container. When cooking sous vide, it is important to have the water completely envelop the bagged food to ensure both safety and even cooking. The pot-lid organizer is the perfect tool for ensuring that multiple bags are kept separate while they cook.